Notification report

General information

Notification Number

Member State to which the notification was sent

Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority

Title of the Project
Potato starch with increased amylose content

Proposed period of release:
01/01/2005 to 31/12/2009

Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Plant Science Sweden AB, Herman Ehles väg 2-4
SE-268 31 Svalöv

3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?

Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?

Genetically modified plant

Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
Common NameFamily NameGenusSpeciesSubspeciesCultivar/breeding line
potatosolanaceaesolanumsolanum tuberosumtuberosumP763

2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
- inhibition of starch branching enzymes SBE1 and SBE2, which yields a higher fraction of amylose in the starch through a reduced branching of amylopectin

- marker gene nptII (kanamycin resistance) as selection gene to identify transgenic cells in tissue culture

Genetic modification

3. Type of genetic modification:

In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
T-DNA borders, pTiT37, for incorporation into plant chromosome.
NptII gene, Tn 5, kanamycin resistance in plant material.
Promoter from nopaline synthase gene, A. tumefaciens, and g7 polyadenylation sequence, A. tumefaciens, gene regulation.
sbe1 and sbe2 gene fragments in antisense orientation relative to the promoter, S. tuberosum, inhibition of amylopectin synthesis.
Regulated by gbss promoter, S. tuberosum, and polyadenylation sequence from nopaline synthase gene, A. tumefaciens.

6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
Plasmid DNA was introduced into the potato lines by Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer technology.

7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
Not applicable

Experimental Release

1. Purpose of the release:
- Investigate expression and stability of modified traits
- Investigate the agricultural and industrial value of the modified lines.
- Produce potato tubers for laboratory analyses.
- Produce seed potatoes for future trials.

2. Geographical location of the site:
Landskrona, Halmstad, Kristianstad, Vara, Skara, Alvesta and Gotlands communities.

3. Size of the site (m2):
Max 10 000 m2 in total

4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
No adverse impacts on the environment or human health have been recorded for the potato line in previous field trials in Sweden since 2000.

Environmental Impact and Risk Management

Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
The genetically modified potato line show a shift of the tuber starch composition to amylose. No difference regarding persistence in agricultural habitats or invasiveness in natural habitats compared to conventional potato varieties is expected. Nor is it expected that a selective advantage or disadvantage is conferred to the GM lines via the introduced traits. Due to the measures to be taken during the release (distance to or absence of cultivated and wild relatives) will the potential for gene transfer virtually be excluded. Interactions of the GM potato lines with non-target species and resulting effects will be comparable to those of conventional potato varieties. No toxic or allergenic effects are expected from elevated levels of amylose, nor from the nptII gene. Measures in place under current field trial practice will safeguard that all tubers and plant material is properly managed, harvested, stored, transported or disposed of to minimize contact to humans or animals. No effects are expected on biogeochemical processes. The GM potato lines will be cultivated under conventional agricultural practices.

Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
- isolation distance: 20 m
- careful harvest to avoid volunteers
- transportation in specific vehicles, closed containers or double sacks
- adjusted crop rotation: fallow field the following year, no potato crop for one additional year
- destruction of waste material

Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
Not planned

Final report

European Commission administrative information

Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority:
16/03/2005 00:00:00