Notification report

General information

Notification Number

Member State to which the notification was sent

Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority

Title of the Project
Testing of genetically modified maize tolerant to glyphosate herbicide

Proposed period of release:
01/04/2005 to 30/11/2007

Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Pioneer Hi-Bred Services GmbH, Przedstawicielstwo w Polsce
Swadzim, ul. Poznanska 16
62-080 Tarnowo Podgórne;

3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?

Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?

Genetically modified plant

Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
Common NameFamily NameGenusSpeciesSubspeciesCultivar/breeding line
maizepoaceaezeazea maysmaysF1 hybrids of 39D80 line

2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
NK603 maize plants have been genetically modified by the introduction of the cp4epsps gene, from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, that confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicide, to allow the farmers to use a broad-spectrum, non-selective, systemic herbicide for the weeding of the maize fields.

Genetic modification

3. Type of genetic modification:

In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
The list of the genetic elements inserted is given hereafter. Contains Confidential Business Information, as per information provided on C/ES/00/01 and C/ES/03/01 Summary Notification Information Formats.

6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
NK603 maize was modified by incorporation of a restriction fragment of plasmid DNA, designated as PV-ZMGT32L, into the maize genome using a particle acceleration method, as stated in C/ES/00/01 and C/ES/03/01 Summary Notification Information Formats.

7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
Not applicable.

Experimental Release

1. Purpose of the release:
The goal of this release is the testing of hybrids in view of registration on the National List.

2. Geographical location of the site:
Voivodeships: Dolnoslaskie, Slaskie, Wielkopolskie, Malopolskie (West, South-west, South part of Poland).

3. Size of the site (m2):
Size of each 5 testing sites will include ca. 600 m2 and another ca. 400 m2 of souranding buffer zone. NK 603 maize plots will cover 96 m2 at each of 5 locations.

4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
Field trials have already been conducted in several locations with this genetically modified maize and no environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants have appeared normal in all respects. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants, except for showing herbicide tolerance when glyphosate is applied, trait due to the genetic modification.

Environmental Impact and Risk Management

Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
No risks to human and animal health or to the environment from the deliberate release of genetically modified maize tolerant to glyphosate herbicide have been reported. This is based on the information contained in Monsanto’s notifications C/ES/00/01 and C/ES/03/01.

In addition, the opinion adopted on 25 November 2003 by the European Food Safety Authority concluded that Zea mays L. line NK603 is as safe as conventional maize and that its placing on the market for food, feed or processing is therefore unlikely to have an adverse effect on human or animal health or, in that context on the environment.

Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
The shedding of pollen from the genetically modified plants will be controlled by maintaining a 200-meter isolation distance with any other commercial maize crop.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. For this trial, a few seeds will need to be collected for analysis; this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by application of a non-selective herbicide other than glyphosate or by mechanical destruction and incorporation into the soil.

Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
Not applicable to this release.

Final report

European Commission administrative information

Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority:
04/08/2005 00:00:00