General informationNotification NumberB/SK/11/02Member State to which the notification was sentSlovakiaDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority16/02/2011Title of the ProjectNotification according to Directive 2001/18/EC, Part B, for the deliberate release of MON 88017 for the use in field trials in Slovakia.Proposed period of release:10/04/2011 to 30/11/2013Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)Plant Production Research Center Piešťany, ;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:MON 88017 expresses the modified Cry3Bb1 protein, derived from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis. Expression of this protein provides protection against certain coleopteran insect pests including members of the corn rootworm (CRW) complex (Diabrotica spp.). In addition, MON 88017 expresses the CP4 EPSPS protein, derived from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, which provides tolerance to glyphosate.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:MON 88017 contains the following genetic elements:
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
|maize||poaceae||zea||zea mays||mays||MON 88017|
- the cry3Bb1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis which confers protection against Corn Root Worm (Diabrotica virgifera)
- the cp4 epsps gene from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, which provides tolerance to ghyphosate herbicide.
These genes have been introduced with regulatory components necessary for expression in plant cells. A full description of the genetic elements in MON 88017, including the approximate size, source and function is provided in Table 1.
Table 1. Summary of the genetic elements inserted in MON 88017
Genetic element Size (~kb) Function
B-Left Border 0.02 Portion of the left border sequence from
A. tumefaciens involved in transfer of T-DNA
P-Ract1 0.93 Promoter from the rice actin gene
I-Ract1 0.48 Intron from the rice actin gene
TS-CTP2 0.23 DNA sequence coding for the N teminal chloroplast
CS-cp4 epsps 1.37 DNA sequence coding for the native CP4 EPSPS
T-nos 0.25 3'transcript termination sequence of the nopaline
synthase (nos) coding sequence from A.tumefaciens
which terminates transcription and directs
P-e35S 0.61 Promoter and leader for the cauliflower mosaic
virus (CaMV) 35S RNA containing the duplicated
L-Cab 0.06 5’untranslated leader of the wheat chlorophylla/b
I-Ract1 0.48 Intron from the rice actin gene
CS-cry3Bb1 1.96 DNA sequence coding for a synthetic variant of
Cry3Bb1 protein from Bacillus thuringiensis
T-Hsp17 0.21 3’ transcript termination sequence for wheat heat-
shock protein 17.3, which ends transcription and
B-Border region; P-Promoter; L-Leader; I-Intron; CS-Coding sequence;
T-Transcript termination sequence; TS–Targeting sequence;
Cry3Bb1 refers to the protein expressed by MON 88017, unless otherwise stated6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:MON 88017 was produced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of immature embryos of maize tissue.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:MON 88017 will be planted in field trials for assessment of the following criteria: biological efficacy, characterization of introduced traits, compositional analysis, comparison with chemical insecticide strategies, evaluation of possible effects on non target organisms, breeding activities - testing of local germplasm with above mentioned characteristics of genetically modified maize, variety registration trials and assessment of weed treatment strategies in maize under Slovak conditions.2. Geographical location of the site:Borovce3. Size of the site (m2):91.000 m2 is the maximum size of the locations in 2011.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:Many field trials have already been conducted for performance assessments (efficacy, yield, breeding, etc.) at several locations across maize growing regions in the U.S.A since 2000 and Argentina in 2003-2004. Environmental assessments have been performed in Japan in 2002 and agronomic evaluations in Canada in 2003. It is also been tested in Germany, France and Spain for the regulatory studies (protein expression, composition and agronomic characteristics).
The results of the release in these countries showed no evidence that MON 88017 is likely to cause any adverse effects to human or animal health and the environment. Except for its tolerance to glyphosate and its protection against certain coleopteran insects, MON 88017 could not be distinguished from conventional maize. Additionally, coleopteran-protection and glyphosate-tolerance traits present in MON 88017 are already present in two commercial products MON 863, and NK603, respectively, from which no adverse effect have been reported.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:Analysis of the characteristics of MON 88017 maize has shown that the risk for potential adverse effects on human and animal health or the environment, resulting from the deliberate release of this maize for field testing, is negligible:
• The risk of the introduced trait in MON 88017 to be the cause of any meaningful competitive advantage or disadvantage in natural environments is negligible. The likelihood of unintended spreading of MON 88017 in the non-agricultural environments is negligible, as maize is neither persistent nor invasive and these parameters are unaltered when compared to conventional maize.
• There is no potential for gene transfer from MON 88017 to wild plant species in Europe and low to negligible likelihood for gene transfer to other maize crops. In the event that the introduced genes outcross to another maize plant, its transfer would, in any case, have negligible consequences for the environment. Therefore, no risk management strategies are considered necessary. Nevertheless, measures will be taken to avoid hybridization with other maize plants and seed dissemination at harvest and during transportation (see Point E).
• By definition, the glyphosate-tolerance trait has no direct or indirect interaction with any target organism. The protein intended for protection against the target pest Diabrotica virgifera has activity only toward particular target coleopterans and provides a more selective control method against an important pest. Therefore the effect of MON 88017 on target organisms is limited to specific conditions in the field, spatially limited and short in duration.
• Potential exposure of non-target organisms to CP4 EPSPS presents no conceivable mechanism to cause adverse effects because of its properties. Exposure of non-target organisms to the Cry3Bb1 protein is not considered to have any adverse effect, due to the high selectivity of this protein to beetles within the family chrysomelidae of the order coleoptera, its well-characterised mode of action and the confirmation through studies of no adverse effects found on insects of other orders of insects. Therefore, the ecological interactions of MON 88017 with non-target organisms or the biochemical processes in soil, poses negligible risk for adverse environmental effects and are considered similar to the respective interactions caused by conventional maize.
• Any occupational health aspects of handling MON 88017 are not different from conventional maize. Additionally this maize was shown not to cause any toxic or allergenic effects in man or animal health and to be as safe and nutritious as any other maize without any consequences for the feed/food chain.
• The environmental impact of the cultivation, management and harvesting techniques applied in the planned trials is considered no different from the cultivation of any other maize.
Additionally, it has to be considered that MON 88017 maize is approved in EU for food, feed, import and processing in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (Commission Decision 2009/814/CE).
It is actually expected that the commercial production of MON 88017 will positively impact current agronomic practices in maize and provide benefits to farmers and the environment. The benefits of planting this maize result, in one hand, from its glyphosate-tolerance trait since it enables the farmer to take advantage of the herbicides favourable environmental and safety properties (see Annex I listing of glyphosate under Council Directive 91/414/EEC). Glyphosate-tolerant maize benefits the farmer by providing (1) an additional broad-spectrum weed control option in maize, (2) a new herbicidal mode of action for in-season maize weed control, (3) increased flexibility to treat weeds on an “as needed” basis, (4) cost-effective weed control and (5) an excellent fit with reduced-tillage systems. In turn, a number of environmental benefits arise from the use of conservation tillage including improved soil quality, improved water infiltration, reductions in erosion and sedimentation of water resources, reduced runoff of nutrients and pesticides to surface water, improved wildlife habitat, increased carbon retention in the soil, reduced fuel use and encouragement of sustainable agricultural practices. On the other hand, it is also expected that the planting of MON 88017 will provide important environmental benefits from its coleopteran- protection trait through 1) a reliable means to control specific coleopteran maize pests while maintaining beneficial species; 2) potential for reduced use of hazardous chemical insecticides; 3) excellent fit with Integrated Pest Management and sustainable agricultural systems.
Since no characteristics of MON 88017 could be identified that may cause adverse effects on human health or the environment, no risk management strategies are considered necessary.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:In addition to the scheduled observations, the trial site will be checked regularly during the period of the deliberate release for potentially occurring, direct or indirect, adverse environmental effects. This will be done by visual inspection of the status of MON 88017 crop and that of their receiving environment. In case any adverse environmental effects, linked to the deliberate release of MON 88017 are observed during the period of release, these will be reported immediately to the Competent Authority.
The minimal isolation distance (200 m) from other maize crops, together with the eight rows of non transgenic maize surrounding the trials will prevent most of the possibility of hybridization with other maize plants.
The equipment, especially the experimental drill and combine, will be cleaned on the experimental site, thus preventing seed dissemination.
Although regrowth in the rotation crops is unlikely because of poor winter survival, the site will be sown with a crop different from maize the year following the planned trial.
Volunteer plants will be controlled by mechanical destruction or non-selective herbicides.
Seeds will be transported in sealed and labelled bags, and their management for setting the trial will be done by qualified staff, informed about preventive measures to avoid any spill.
At the end of the field-testing campaign, a report will be made available by the notifier to the Competent Authority. This report will detail any unexpected adverse environmental effects observed during the general surveillance, if any, and further actions elicited as an effect of these findings, if applicable.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes27/04/2011 00:00:00Remarks: