Member State to which the notification was sent
Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority
Title of the Project
Evaluation of H7-1sugar beets in different systems of conservation tillage and different systems of weed control including Roundup Ready® herbicide
Proposed period of release:
15/04/2010 to 15/12/2012
Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Wroclaw University Of Environmental and Life Sciences, ;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?
Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?
Genetically modified plant
Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
vulgaris var. saccharifera
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
H7-1 sugar beet expresses the CP4 EPSPS protein, derived from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, which provides tolerance to glyphosate. Glyphosate is the active ingredient of the herbicide Roundup.
The nature of the product and the objective of the genetic modification is to improve weed management practices in sugar beet. Weed management is an expensive, labour intensive, and in some cases complicated operation necessary for optimal production efficiency of sugar beet. No single currently-registered herbicide offers the broad spectrum weed control afforded by Roundup. Instead, farmers today must resort to using several applications of multiple herbicides with high input of the respective chemicals.
The use of H7-1 sugar beet for sugar beet production would enable farmers to use Roundup herbicide for effective and sustainable control of weeds while making use of the benefits of Roundup’s environmental safety characteristics. This new glyphosate-tolerant sugar beet could positively impact current agronomic practices, reducing energy consumption and soil erosion.
3. Type of genetic modification:
In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
H7-1 contains the cp4 epsps gene which codes for the CP4 EPSPS protein derived from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4. This protein confers tolerance to glyphosate.
A full description of the genetic elements in H7-1, including the approximate size, source and function is provided in Table 1.
6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
A disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens plant transformation system was used to produce event H7-1. This delivery system is well documented to transfer and stably integrate transferred DNA (T-DNA) into the plant nuclear chromosome. The vector used is PV BVGT08. The original transformation was conducted by using a diploid fertile sugar beet line.
7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
1. Purpose of the release:
The aim of this environmental release is evaluation of cultivation of H7-1 sugar beet in conservation tillage condition and proves economical and production related benefits in Poland.
2. Geographical location of the site:
The Agricultural Experimental Institution in Swojec, dolnoslaskie voivodship, Poland
3. Size of the site (m2):
4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
H7-1 sugar beet has been released for field-testing at several locations in the U.S.A., Canada, Russia, Chile and the EU 27 since 1995. These field trials were conducted to produce material for regulatory studies and to assess agronomic performance (efficacy, selectivity, yield assessment).
Following rigorous regulatory assessment, environmental authorizations have been received in the U.S.A. (2005), Canada (2005), and Japan (2007) for H7-1 sugar beet.
The results of the release in these countries showed no evidence that H7 1 sugar beet is likely to cause any adverse effects to human or animal health and the environment.
Further on H7-1 sugar beet received authorisation for food and feed importation in the EU according to Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 in October 2007.
Environmental Impact and Risk Management
Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
Analysis of the characteristics of sugar beet event H7-1 have shown that the likelihood of potential adverse effects on human health and the environment in the European Union, resulting from its cultivation and use as any other sugar beet is negligible. Therefore, the overall environmental risk posed by the proposed field trials with event H7-1 is also negligible, and strategies for risk management would be the same as for conventional sugar beet.
Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
The environmental risk assessment has indicated that the environmental risk of this sugar beet is negligible. Therefore, strategies for risk management for H7-1 sugar beet would be the same as for conventional sugar beet.
However, the trial site will be checked regularly during the period of the deliberate release to destroy bolting sugar beet plants before pollen emission, making unnecessary any need of isolation distances.
Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
European Commission administrative information
Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority: