General informationNotification NumberB/NL/06/05Member State to which the notification was sentNetherlandsDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority08/05/2006Title of the ProjectApplication for the deliberate release of genetically modified MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 (NK603) maize.Proposed period of release:01/04/2007 to 31/12/2010Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)Pioneer Hi-Bred Northern Europe Sales Division GmbH, ;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?Yes: Germany; Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:NK603 maize has been genetically modified to tolerate application of glyphosate herbicide, which allows the farmers to use a broad-spectrum, non-selective, systemic herbicide for the weeding of the maize fields.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:NK603 maize, from Monsanto, has been genetically modified by the introduction of cp4epsps genes, from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, that confer tolerance to glyphosate herbicide, along with their regulatory components necessary for expression in maize plant:
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
- the cp4epsps gene, the P-ract1/ract1 intron + ctp2, the NOS 3’ terminator.
- the cp4epsps gene, the CaMV e35S promoter + Zmhsp70 + ctp2, the NOS 3’ terminator.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:The genetic modification was done using particle acceleration method by Monsanto. Subsequently, maize plants tested in the trials have been obtained by traditional breeding.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicableExperimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The purpose of the release is to verify the behavior of NK603 maize under glyphosate applications in comparison with GMO combinations containing NK603 maize.2. Geographical location of the site:Site 1: Venray
Site 2: Werkendam
Site 3: Haaksbergen3. Size of the site (m2):Each site will have up to 10000 m² sown with the genetically modified maize subject of this notification (NK603 maize).4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:Field trials have already been conducted in several locations with this genetically modified maize and no environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants have appeared normal in all respects. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants, except for showing herbicide tolerance when glyphosate was applied, trait due to the genetic modification.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:No risks to human and animal health or to the environment from the deliberate release of genetically modified maize tolerant to glyphosate are expected, as per information contained in Summary Notification Information Format of notification C/ES/03/01 and EFSA-GMO-NL-2005-22.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:The shedding of pollen from the genetically modified plants will be controlled by maintaining a 250-meter isolation distance with any other non-experimental maize crop. In addition, the trial site will be surrounded by four border rows of conventional maize of a similar relative maturity that will be also destroyed at the end of the release.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. When a few seeds need to be collected for analysis, this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by mechanical destruction, or by application of a non-selective herbicide, other than glufosinate and glyphosate, and incorporation into the soil.
At the end of the release, all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil by deep ploughing.
No plant or plant product coming from the trials will enter the food or feed chains.
After the release, the plot will be visited regularly during the following year in order to ensure removal of maize volunteers, if any. Although volunteer maize cannot generally survive hard winter, maize volunteers, if any, will be monitored in order to ensure their destruction.
There will be no commercial maize grown on the same area of the field the following year.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable to this release.Final report-European Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:No08/01/2010 00:00:00Remarks:26/03/2007 Consent given
In contrast to application an isolation distance of 400 meters is imposed.
Consent was given, but then was annulled by administrative court.