Member State to which the notification was sent
Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority
Title of the Project
Testing of genetically modified maize tolerant to an herbicide.
Proposed period of release:
15/04/2004 to 15/12/2007
Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Pioneer Genetique Sarl, Chemin de l'Enseigure
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?
Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?
Genetically modified plant
Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
experimental hybrids and inbred lines
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
The genes introduced confer to the maize plants the tolerance to glyphosate.
There have been no previous genetic modifications of the parental organism
3. Type of genetic modification:
In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
The transformation event contains a protein gene from Agrobacterium species strain CP4 which confers tolerance to glyphosate.
6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
Maize plants have been transformed by particle acceleration method.
7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
1. Purpose of the release:
The goal of this release is on the one hand, to collect agronomic data, on the other hand to collect morpho-physiological data as well as data on proteins expression and analytical composition, of the genetically modified plants in comparison with the non-modified equivalent maize plants.
2. Geographical location of the site:
The releases are planned at several locations in France in 2004 within the following areas: Aude, Haute-Garonne, Gers, Lot et Garonne, Tarn et Garonne.
3. Size of the site (m2):
Each site will have up to 3000 m2 sown with the particular genetically modified plants concerned by this application, the total area covered by this trial (all varieties and borders included) will be higher. There will be up to 10 field trials sown each year.
4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
Field trials have already been conducted in several locations with this genetically modified maize and no environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants have appeared normal in all respects. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants, except for showing herbicide tolerance when glyphosate is applied.
Environmental Impact and Risk Management
Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
No risks to human and animal health or to the environment from the deliberate release of genetically modified maize tolerant to glyphosate have been reported.
Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
The shedding of pollen from the genetically modified plants will be controlled either by maintaining a 200-meter isolation distance with any other commercial maize crop, or manually by removing the tassels or bagging them before any pollen shed can occur.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. For this trial, a few seeds will need to be collected for analysis; this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by application of a non-selective herbicide other than glyphosate or by mechanical destruction and incorporation into the soil.
At the end of the release, all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil.
Volunteer maize will be monitored during the following year. An herbicide treatment (other than glyphosate) will be used in order to ensure destruction if needed.
Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
Not applicable to this release.
European Commission administrative information
Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority: