General informationNotification NumberB/FR/04/02/02Member State to which the notification was sentFranceDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority20/01/2004Title of the ProjectFive year field trials programme (2004-2008) for development of genetically modified maize containing Roundup Ready® genes (glyphosate tolerance).Proposed period of release:01/04/2004 to 31/12/2008Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)Monsanto France, ;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?Yes: Germany; Spain; Czech Republic; Hungary; Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?YesIf yes, notification number(s): B/ES/01/05; Other notificationsGermany: FB5-6786-01-0115 (2000)
Hungary: 24.111/2/2003, 12269/2004
Czech Republic:26OA/OER/GMO/02Genetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:The genes introduced confer to the maize plants (NK 603) the tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient of the herbicide Roundup®.
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
There have been no previous genetic modifications of the parental organism.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:The transformation event contains a protein gene from Agrobacterium species strain CP4 (e.g.CP4 EPSPS) which confers tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup herbicide.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:Maize plants (NK603) have been transformed by particle acceleration method.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicableExperimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The proposed experiments are part of a programme based on progeny of maize plants containing, the Roundup Ready TM genes (tolerance to glyphosate). The aims of the programme are:
1 - to field test the performance of weed control programmes with different rates/stages of Roundup,
2 - to evaluate the agronomic performance (yield) of maize containing the Roundup Ready TM genes when sprayed with rates/stages of application of Roundup,
3 - to produce vegetative plant material and grain in order to assess quality parameters of the transformed maize,
4 - to conduct small demonstrative platforms,
5 - to conduct characterization trials to get the variety registration (CTPS),
6 - to follow seeds selection trials and seed production for research.2. Geographical location of the site:The releases are planned at several locations in 2004 within the following areas: Haute-Garonne, Landes, Loiret, Vienne.3. Size of the site (m2):Each site will have up to 5000 m2 sown with the GM plants concerned by this application, the total area covered by the trial will be higher.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:Several generations of the transgenic maize plants have been tested previously in different environments in the American continent since 1991 and in France since 1999. These experiments have demonstrated that these plants resemble the recipient plant in all respect differing only in their ability to be tolerant to glyphosate. Measures will be taken to avoid seed dissemination at harvest and during transportation (see E.). Maize can hybridize with teosinte but these plants are not present in Europe. The possibility of hybridization with other maize plants will be minimised by a spatial isolation distance of 200 meters form other cultivated maize. Some trials (efficacy especially) could be carried out without isolation. In this case, the trials will be destroyed before the flowering stage of the crop. Four rows of non transgenic maize (commercial hybrid) will surround all the trials and act as pollen trap.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
1. The spatial isolation distance (200 m) from other maize crops and/or the four rows of non transgenic maize surrounding the trials will prevent most of the possibility of hybridisation with other maize plants. Some trials (efficacy especially) could be carried out without isolation. In this case, the trials will be destroyed before the flowering stage of the crop.
2. The equipment, especially the experimental drill and combine, will be cleaned on the experimental site, thus preventing seed dissemination.
3. After completion of harvest, the stalks will be chopped and then incorporated into the soil. Any shattered seed will be allowed to germinate. The resulting seedlings will be destroyed by soil incorporation.
4. Although regrowth in the rotation crops is unlikely because of poor winter survival, the site will be sown with a spring crop (different from corn). Volunteer plants will be controlled by the use of mechanical measures and applications of routinely used commercial antimonocotyledonous herbicides in this crop.
5. Seed will be transported in sealed and labelled bags placed in a rigid container.Final report-European Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes01/06/2004 00:00:00Remarks: