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Notification report


General information

Notification Number
B/FR/02/03/04

Member State to which the notification was sent
France

Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority
15/02/2002

Title of the Project
Impact of genetically modified maize into the cropping system

Proposed period of release:
01/04/2002 to 01/03/2003

Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
AGPM, AGPM-Technique (Technical Institute for Maize)
21 Chemin de Pau
64121 Montardon France;


3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?
Not known

Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?
No

Genetically modified plant

Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
Common NameFamily NameGenusSpeciesSubspeciesCultivar/breeding line
maizepoaceaezeazea maysmays

2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
Four different systems will be used in the present release:
- corn borer resistance system from Novartis : see C/F/94-11-03 ; european authorization for placing on the market 1997-01-23 (97/98/CE)
- corn borer resistance system from Novartis : see C/F/96-05-10 ; european authorization for placing on the market 1998-04-22 (98/292/CE)
- glufosinate resistance from Agrevo : see dossier C/F/95-12-07 ; european authorization for placing on the market 1998-04-22 (98/293/CE)
- glyphosate resistance from Monsanto Europe SA : see dossier B/FR/99.04.06


Genetic modification

3. Type of genetic modification:
Insertion;

In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
- corn borer resistance system from Novartis : see C/F/94-11-03 and european authorization for placing on the market 1997-01-23 (97/98/CE)
- corn borer resistance system from Novartis : see C/F/96-05-10 and european authorization for placing on the market 1998-04-22 (98/292/CE)
- glufosinate resistance from Agrevo : see dossier C/F/95-12-07 and european authorization for placing on the market 1998-04-22 (98/293/CE)
- glyphosate resistance from Monsanto Europe SA : see dossier B/FR/99.04.06


6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
Biolistic.

7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
Not applicable

Experimental Release

1. Purpose of the release:
The present release aims at estimating the impact of european corn borer resistant and herbicide resistant maize under agricultural conditions. The objectives are:
- to evaluate the risks for european corn borer resistance to be by-passed,
- to evaluate the actual interest of the herbicide resistance for weed control,
- to estimate the rate of multiple resistance by cultivating the different herbicide resistance species (maize, rapeseed, sugarbeet) in adjacent plots.


2. Geographical location of the site:
Bourgogne Region
Midi-Pyrénées Region


3. Size of the site (m2):
About 10 000 m2 for each site, i.e. 20 000 m2 for the present release.

4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
Not applicable

Environmental Impact and Risk Management

Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
The transfer of resistance character to other species is impossible, because wild species of maize do not exist in Europe. The glyphosate or glufosinate resistant maize, only weeded with these herbicides may favour the development of resistant weeds issued from the neighbouring transgenic crops (rapeseed, sugarbeet).

Gene transfer from genetic modified maize to normal maize is possible but volunteers, the year after, are rare and in these areas, the grain issued from crops is not used for seeds.


Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
- The site will be managed under current agricultural practices and no specific measures will be taken for preventing gene flow.
- A systematic survey will be carried out in the field and outside the field (up to 500 m) in order to estimate the gene flow.
- The site and its environment will be surveyed during five years.
- Harvested seeds will not be introduced in a commercial channel but carried in a controlled rubbish dump in order to be destroyed. Transportation will respect AFNOR norms (NF X 42-071).


Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
Not applicable

Final report
-

European Commission administrative information

Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority:
Not known