General informationNotification NumberB/ES/09/01Member State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority01/12/2008Title of the ProjectField trial of corn genetically modified to tolerate glyphosate.Proposed period of release:01/04/2009 to 30/11/2012Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)LIMAGRAIN IBERICA, on behalf of VILMORIN & Cie;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:Introduction of a tolerance to the glyphosate herbicide by expression of a bacterial EPSPS protein insensitive to the herbicide. This herbicide acts as an inhibitor of this protein in plants.
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
The enzyme 5-enolpyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthetase (or EPSPS) is involved in the biosynthetic pathway of the aromatic amino-acids (tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine).Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:Ubiquitin promoter: Saccharum officinarum. Non coding regulatory sequence.
Transit peptide: Zea mays mays. Coding sequence.
Epsps: Arthtrobacter globiformis. Coding sequence.
CaMV terminator: Cauliflower mosaic virus. Non coding regulatory sequence.
RB/LB: Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Non-coding sequence.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:Evaluate the agronomic behavior, under various soil and climate conditions, of different transformation events expressing a bacterial gene conferring to corn a tolerance to the herbicide glyphosate. These events have been back-crossed into experimental hybrids. The agronomic evaluation will be used to choose the best transformation event.
Evaluate the weed management program.
Collection of samples (leaves, seeds) for laboratory analyses.2. Geographical location of the site:• Murillo el Cuende, Navarra
• Muruzábal de Andión, Navarra
• Ejea de los Caballeros, Zaragoza.3. Size of the site (m2):The maximum surface occupied by GM plants on each site is:
• Murillo el Cuende, Navarra 15.000 m2
• Muruzábal de Andión, Navarra 15.000 m2
• Ejea de los Caballeros, Zaragoza 15.000 m24. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:No observation or data were collected leading to suppose any potential environmental and human health adverse effects. Such observations were made during previous releases of the same transformation events in the USA during a research partnership with a third party.
These plants are unlikely to pose any risk to environment and human health.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:The introduced trait has no potential effects to modify the plant persistency in the environment. There are no wild relatives of corn in Europe and out-crossing is not possible. In this experiment, there is no modification of the direct or indirect interactions between the modified plants and target or non-target organisms. There is no expected effect on human health and on animal health. Plants will not be used as food or feed. At the end of the experiment, plants will be destroyed by chopping and then the wastes will be buried by ploughing. Post-harvest monitoring of the field will be conducted during one year, during which possible volunteers will be destroyed before flowering.
There is no short-term possible effect on specific cultivation management and harvesting techniques.
Potential environmental impact considered minimal, given the conditions of the field trial (location, field isolation, minimal contacts with fauna and flora, absence of wild relatives of maize species in the release areas).Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:Release sites are located in intensive agriculture areas, spatially isolated from commercial corn crops.
Seeds bags, prepared in the laboratory will be opened only on the site; the surplus of seeds in the planter after sowing will be collected and destroyed. The experiment will be inspected frequently during the release period; any environmental effect will be reported. After the harvest, plants will be chopped on the field and incorporated into the soil. Ears and seeds eventually collected will be transported in sealed and labeled bags. During the following year, no commercial culture of corn will be grown on the field. Possible volunteers will be monitored and destroyed during one year following the end of experiment.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable. However, any unanticipated adverse effect (environment and human health) observed on the site will be reported without delay to the authorities.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes13/03/2009 00:00:00Remarks:There are several Autonomous Communities as competent authorities for give the consent of these field trials:
- Aragón: 13/03/2009.
- Navarra: 07/04/2009.