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Notification report


General information

Notification Number
B/ES/07/28-CON

Member State to which the notification was sent
Spain

Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority
23/11/2006

Title of the Project
Agronomic evaluation of experimental derived GHB614-GM cotton variety, herbicide resistance.

Proposed period of release:
21/03/2007 to 21/12/2007

Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Bayer BioScience N.V., Technologiepark 38
B-9052 Gent
Belgium;


3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?
Not known

Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?
Yes

If yes, notification number(s):
B/ES/06/10-CON;

Other notifications
USA: (APHIS 01-282-03n; 02-072-04n; 02-296-01n; 03-064-14n; 03-255-03n; 04-061-10n; 04-247-01n, 05-060-03n; 05-091-07n; 05-217-05n).

Genetically modified plant

Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
Common NameFamily NameGenusSpeciesSubspeciesCultivar/breeding line
cottonmalvaceaegossypiumgossypium hirsutumCoker312, other breeding lines

2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
Glyphosate herbicide tolerance.

Genetic modification

3. Type of genetic modification:
Insertion;

In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:
2mepsps: Coding sequence of 2mepsps from maize that confers the glyphosate herbicide resistance trait.
Refer to the Confidential Annex for further information.


6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
The transgenic cotton lines are generated using disarmed Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.

7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
Not relevant.

Experimental Release

1. Purpose of the release:
Field trials for agronomic evaluation of the genetic modified cotton plants under the climatic conditions of the Spanish cotton cultivation areas.

2. Geographical location of the site:
Andalusia

- Province of Sevilla:
Municipio Alcalá de Guadaira (1 location)
Municipio Dos hermanas (2 locations)
Municipio Coría del Río (1 location)

- Province of Cádiz:
Municipio San José del Valle (2 locations)


3. Size of the site (m2):
Each location will have a max. surface of 3 ha, including GM and no GM cotton. In each location other GM experimental varieties described in other notifications will be present.

4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
The previous releases took place in the US from 2001 to 2005, on a total of 40 locations. A summary of the findings include:
- The genetic change is stable and the introduced gene produces a protein which has a proven safety profile.
- The new glyphosate-tolerant cotton varieties share the characteristics of cotton plants in agricultural production and of cottonseed in commerce.
- In side-by-side comparisons with the non-transgenic parent variety of plant morphological characters, no evidence of pleiotropic effects were detected.
- There is no cause for concern to non-target organisms presented by the new plant varieties or the new use of the herbicide, glyphosate.
- The potential for gene flow, the transfer of glyphosate herbicide tolerance to conventional or wild cotton relatives, is low.
- The consequence of gene flow will not be detrimental to current agronomic systems and can be managed by current agricultural practices.
The agricultural requirements of cotton crops for irrigation and temperate climate prevent glyphosate-tolerant cotton from becoming invasive of new habitats as a result of cultivation.


Environmental Impact and Risk Management

Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
Genetically modified cotton has the same behavior as conventional cotton except for the characters encoded by the inserted gene.
Due to the measures taken in the trials and the lack of wild relatives of cotton in Europe, BCS consider that gene transfer is unlikely to happen, neither to other species nor to conventional cotton.
However if a weed or a volunteer would receive the transgene, this would not confer any selective advantage in the absence of glyphosate treatment.
This transgenic cotton has been tested at various locations in the US and in Costa Rica and post-harvest monitoring did not report any adverse effects on the environment.


Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
The trials will be conducted with an isolation distance of 200 m from any other cotton. The field trial sites will be surrounded with at least 4 rows of non-transgenic cotton (pollen trap) which will be destroyed after flowering. The products harvested from the field trials will be used for experimental purposes or destroyed.
Each site will be visited on a regular basis during the trial period.


Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
The planned field trials are designed in order to:
Evaluate agronomic value
The planned field trials are not designed to address the impact of the release on human health.


Final report


European Commission administrative information

Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority:
Yes
11/04/2007 00:00:00
Remarks: