General informationNotification NumberB/ES/07/22-CONMember State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority04/12/2006Title of the ProjectApplication for the deliberate release of genetically modified DP-Ø9814Ø-6xDAS-Ø15Ø7-1 maize (4-year program: 2007 to 2010).Proposed period of release:01/04/2007 to 31/12/2007Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)PIONEER HI-BRED SPAIN S.L., Avenida Reino Unido s/n, Edificio ADYTEC-Euroficinas 2nda planta, ES-41012 Sevilla;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:DP-Ø9814Ø-6xDAS-Ø15Ø7-1 maize, referred to as 98140x1507 maize hereafter is tolerant to herbicides containing glyphosate and a range of acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides such as sulfonylureas, resistant against certain lepidopteran insect pests, such as European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis), and tolerant to glufosinate-ammonium (trait introduced as a selectable marker).
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98140x1507 maize has been obtained from traditional breeding methods between progeny of genetically modified 98140 maize and 1507 maize. No genetic modification other than those of these maize has been introduced in 98140x1507 maize.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:The 98140x1507 maize, obtained from traditional breeding methods between progeny of genetically modified 98140 and 1507 maize, contains the genetic elements introduced in 98140 maize and 1507 maize:
- the gat4621 gene derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus licheniformis, which confers tolerance to herbicides containing glyphosate, and the zm-hra gene, a modified maize acetolactate synthase gene which confers tolerance to a range of acetolactate synthase inhibiting herbicides, from 98140 maize,
- the cry1F gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai, providing resistance against certain Lepidopteran insects and the pat gene from the soil bacterium Streptomyces viridochromogenes, introduced as a selectable marker, providing tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium, from 1507 maize,
along with the necessary regulatory elements for gene expression in the maize plant. Thus:
- the gat4621 gene [control sequences are provided in Annex 1 as confidential]
- the zm-hra gene [control sequences are provided in Annex 1 as confidential]
- the cry1F gene, the UBIZM1(2) promoter, the ORF25PolyA terminator.
- the pat gene, the CaMV35S promoter, the CaMV35S terminator.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:No genetic modification was made on 98140x1507 maize directly: it was obtained from traditional breeding methods between progeny of the genetically modified 98140 and 1507 maize.
98140 maize was genetically modified using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method. 1507 maize was genetically modified using a particle acceleration method.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The purpose of the trialing program is to evaluate 98140x1507 maize, with or without applications of glyphosate and ALS-inhibiting herbicides such as sulfonylureas.2. Geographical location of the site:The release is planned at the following locations in Spain in 2007:
- Andalucía: Carmona (Sevilla), Utrera (Sevilla)
- Aragón: Gurrea de Gállego (2 sites) (Huesca), Monflorite (Huesca), Montañana (2 sites) (Zaragoza), Tauste (Zaragoza), Calatorao (Zaragoza), Mallen (Zaragoza)
- Castilla-La Mancha: Tarazona de la Mancha (Albacete), Alpera (Albacete), La Gineta (Albacete)
- Castilla y León: Rebollar de los Oteros (León)
- Cataluña: Alcarrás (Lleida)
- Madrid: San Martín de la Vega (Madrid)
- Navarra: Cortes (Navarra)3. Size of the site (m2):Each site could have up to 1500 m² sown with the genetically modified 98140x1507 maize subject of this notification, except the site in Alcarrás (Lleida, Cataluña) which could have up to 9000 m² sown with 98140x1507 maize.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:In previous field trials, carried out at different locations across maize growing regions in North America and South America, the transgenic plants appeared normal in all respects. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants except for being tolerant to herbicides containing glyphosate, ALS-inhibiting herbicides such as sulfonylureas, and glufosinate and resistant against target Lepidopteran insect pests, traits due to the genetic modifications.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:No risks to human and animal health or the environment from the deliberate release of 98140x1507 maize, tolerant to glyphosate, a range of ALS-inhibiting herbicides such as sulfonylureas, and glufosinate, and resistant against certain Lepidopteran insect pests are expected, as per information contained in the environmental risk assessment included in the notification.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:The pollen shed from the genetically modified plants will be controlled by maintaining a 200-meter isolation distance with any other commercial maize crop. As it is done for any trial with conventional maize, the trial site will be surrounded by agronomic border rows of conventional maize of a similar maturity. The agronomic border rows will be also destroyed at the end of the release.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. When a few seeds need to be collected for analysis, it will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of an emergency, the trial could be destructively stopped by mechanical destruction or application of a herbicide other than glyphosate, ALS-inhibiting herbicides and glufosinate-ammonium, and incorporation into the soil by a deep ploughing.
At the end of the release, all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil by a deep ploughing. No plant or plant product coming from the trials will enter the food or feed chains.
After the release, the plot will be visited regularly during the following year in order to ensure removal of maize volunteers, if any. Although volunteer maize cannot generally survive hard winter, maize volunteers, if any, will be monitored in order to ensure their destruction.
No commercial maize crop will be planted on the same plot the following year.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable to this release.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Not known