General informationNotification NumberB/ES/06/01Member State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority28/11/2005Title of the ProjectNotification according to Directive 2001/18/EC, Part B, for the deliberate release of glyphosate tolerant H7-1 sugarbeet for the use in field trials in Castilla y León (Spain).
This application under Directive 2001/18/EC, Part B is for deliberate release of sugarbeet plants, derived from transformation event H7-1 (which is tolerant to treatment with glyphosate), to complete residue data after application over the crop of glyphosate herbicide.Proposed period of release:01/01/2006 to 31/12/2006Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)Monsanto Europe, S.A., represented by Monsanto Agricultura España, S.L., ;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?Yes: Germany; Spain; France; United Kingdom; Italy; Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?YesIf yes, notification number(s): Other notificationsC/DE/00/08, according to EC Directive 2001/18 and UK-2004-08 according to EEC Regulation 1829/2003.Genetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:RR sugar beet event H7-1 contains a fully functional and intact gene encoding the CP4 EPSPS protein, which confers tolerance to Roundup herbicide.
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The nature of the product and the objective of the genetic modification is to improve weed management practices in sugar beet. Weed management is an expensive, labour intensive, and in some cases complicated operation necessary for optimal production efficiency of sugar beet. No single currently-registered herbicide offers the broad spectrum weed control afforded by Roundup. Instead, farmers today must resort to using several applications of multiple herbicides with high input of the respective chemicals.
The use of RR sugar beet for sugar beet production would enable farmers to use Roundup herbicide for effective and sustainable control of weeds while making use of the benefits of Roundup's environmental safety characteristics. This new RR sugar beet could positively impact current agronomic practices, reducing energy consumption and soil erosion.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:The genetic elements intended for insertion in H7-1 sugarbeet were as follows:
- Right Border: 0.025 Kb. A 25 bp nucleotide sequence that acts as the initial point of DNA transfer into plant cells originally isolated from A. tumefaciens pTiT37.
- P-FMV: 0.672Kb. The 35 S promoter from a modified figwort mosaic virus (FMV) used to drive expression of cp4 epsps gene.
- CTP2: 0.31Kb. The N-terminal chloroplast transit peptide sequence from the Arabidopsis thaliana EPSPS gene.
- CP4 syn.: 1.363Kb. The 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (CP4 EPSPS) gene from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4.
- E9 3’: 0.63Kb. The 3’ end of the Pisum sativum rbcS E9 gene which provides the polyadenylation sites for the CP4 EPSPS gene.
- Left Border: 0.025Kb. A 25 bp nucleotide sequence that delimits the T-DNA transfer into plant cells. It was originally isolated from A. tumefaciens pTiA6.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:A disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens plant transformation system was used to produce event H7-1. This delivery system is well documented to transfer and stably integrate transferred DNA (T-DNA) into the plant nuclear chromosome. The vector used is PV-BVGT08 (also coded pMON17227). The original transformation was conducting using a diploid fertile sugar beet line.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The release of sugarbeet varieties derived from transformation event H7-1 (which is tolerant to treatment with Roundup herbicide containing glyphosate), has the aim to complete the residue data to allow the registration of a new glyphosate formulation.2. Geographical location of the site:The selected sites are located in the following localities:
- Villavendimio (Zamora).
- Tordesillas (Valladolid).
- Tercero (Valladolid).
- Villabarba (Valladolid).
- Villafranca de Duero (Valladolid).3. Size of the site (m2):The total surface will be lower than 500 m2 (0,05 ha) and the potential surface occupied in every site by H7-1 sugarbeet will be:
- Villavendimio (Zamora): 100 m2.
- Tordesillas (Valladolid): 100 m2.
- Tercero (Valladolid): 100 m2.
- Villabarba (Valladolid): 100 m2.
- Villafranca de Duero (Valladolid): 100 m2.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:No change in dormancy or characteristics other than glyphosate tolerance could be observed in the used seed lots comparing H7-1 and common used, diploid, multicarp and monocarp sugar beet breeding lines.
It can be concluded that there are no meaningful differences between H7-1 and the non-transgenic counterparts in regards to survivability.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:Analysis of the characteristics of sugar beet event H7-1 have shown that the likelihood of potential adverse effects on human health and the environment in the European Union, resulting from its cultivation and use as any other sugar beet is negligible. Therefore, the overall environmental risk posed by the proposed field trials with event H7-1 is also negligible, and strategies for risk management would be the same as for conventional sugar beet.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:The environmental risk assessment has indicated that the environmental risks of this sugarbeet is negligible. Therefore, strategies for risk management for H7-1 sugarbeet would be the same as for traditional maize.
However, the trial site will be checked regularly during the period of the deliberate release to destroy bolting sugarbeet plants before pollen emission, making unnecessary any need of isolation distances.
In case any adverse environmental effects, linked to the deliberate release of H7-1 sugarbeet, are observed during the period of release, these will be reported immediately to the Competent Authorities.
At the end of the field-testing campaign, a report of will be made available by the notifier to the Competent Authorities. This report will detail any unexpected adverse environmental effects that were observed during the general surveillance, if any, and further actions elicited as an effect of these findings, if applicable.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes18/04/2006 00:00:00Remarks:The competent authority for give the consent of these field trials is the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León.