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Notification report


General information

Notification Number
B/ES/05/21

Member State to which the notification was sent
Spain

Date of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority
15/02/2005

Title of the Project
Field trials of maize resistant to insects. Event Bt11Spain 2005-2006

Proposed period of release:
01/04/2005 to 30/11/2005

Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)
Syngenta Seeds SA, ;


3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?
No

Has the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?
Yes

If yes, notification number(s):
B/ES/00/04; B/ES/01/06; B/ES/02/04; B/ES/02/05; B/ES/02/14; B/ES/04/09; B/ES/96/07-CON; B/ES/97/14; B/ES/98/02; B/ES/99/27-CON; B/FR/03/01/01; B/FR/03/03/02; B/FR/94/01/06/A; B/FR/95/01/03; B/FR/96/01/09; B/FR/97/11/14; B/FR/99/02/09; B/IT/95/16; B/IT/96/13; B/IT/96/53; B/IT/97/19-CON; B/IT/98/39-CON; B/IT/99/20-CON; B/PT/98/01;

Other notifications
C/FR/96/05/10
UK/C/96/M4/1

B/F/95/12.04
B/F/99/01
B/FR/02 03 04


Genetically modified plant

Complete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
Common NameFamily NameGenusSpeciesSubspeciesCultivar/breeding line
maizepoaceaezeazea maysmaysEvent Bt11and offspring derived

2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:
Bt11 maize contains two genes introduced by genetic modification techniques:

- Glufosinate ammonium tolerance gene: pat (phosphinothricin-acetyl- transferase) under the control of the 35S promoter and the nos termination region
- Insect resistance gene: cryIAb, under the control of the 35S promoter and the nos3’ termination region


Genetic modification

3. Type of genetic modification:
Insertion;

In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:

pat gene, isolated from Streptomyces viridochromogenes, gene encodes the enzyme phosphinothrycin acetyl transferase which catalyzes the conversion of glufosinate ammonium to an herbicidally inactive product.

cryIAb gene, isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis, encodes a Btk protein which protects the plant from damage by lepidopteran pests


6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:
The initial parental transformation of the maize line was accomplished through the insertion of a fragment of the plasmid pZO1502. No DNA carrier was used.

7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:
Not applicable

Experimental Release

1. Purpose of the release:
The purpose of the liberation is to collect data of Bt11 maize varieties related to the technical inspection for the inscription of commercial varieties, required by Law 3/2000, of January 7th, the legal regime of the protection of the vegetal obtainings, and Law 11/1971, of seeds and plants of breeding ground.

2. Geographical location of the site:
Alforque (Zaragoza)
L’Aldea (Tarragona)
Deltebre(Tarragona)
Lleida (Lleida)
Fraga (Huesca)
Fuentes de Andalucía (Sevilla)
Sástago (Zaragoza)
Torres de Segre (Lleida)


3. Size of the site (m2):
Alforque (Zaragoza) 2604 m2
L’Aldea (Tarragona) 2604 m2
Deltebre(Tarragona) 2604 m2
Lleida (Lleida) 2604 m2
Fraga (Huesca) 2604 m2
Fuentes de Andalucía (Sevilla) 2604 m2
Sástago (Zaragoza) 2604 m2
Torres de Segre (Lleida) 2604 m2


4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:
Bt11 has been approved for cultivation, food and feed use in USA, Canada, Argentina, Japan and South Africa. It has been approved for food and feed use in Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Phiilipines, Korea and European Union (E.U.)

The European Scientific Committee for Food has concluded "Bt11 sweet maize is as safe for human food use as its conventional counterparts".

No environmental or human health negative impact has been reported during previous trials or during commercial cultivation of maize carrying the Bt11 trait.

Hence, no such impact is expected from this trial either.


Environmental Impact and Risk Management

Summary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:
It is the specific and intended effect of the modification, that the use of Bt11 maize would have an immediate, direct effect on the populations of target pests in the fields with Bt11 maize (Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagroides). It is also possible that in areas where the use of Bt11 maize leads to a reduction in the use of insecticides, an increase in generalist predators such as carabids and spiders could occur resulting in an improved biological control of pest species (Head et al, 2001).

In addition, reduced insect damage may result in a reduction in Fusarium fungal colonisation leading to an improvement in grain yield and quality.

A substantial number of field studies of non-target insect populations in Bt corn have been performed. To date no adverse effects of non-target invertebrates have been detected. (ABSTC, 2002)

In the EU, there are no indigenous species (non-target organisms), which rely exclusively on maize pests for survival as symbionts, predators or pathogens, it is highly unlikely that the reduction in numbers of ECB or MCB in the maize fields will affect the population levels of these non-target organisms.

Maize has no wild relatives in the EU so the potential for gene transfer to sexually compatible plant species, other than maize, in the EU is zero.
There is no evidence to suggest that intact gene transfer occurs from a plant species to micro-organisms in the field situation.


Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:
o All the fields will be isolated by a distance of at least 220 m from other maize fields

o All the fields will be surrounded by a border of 8 rows of conventional maize.


o The grain harvested from the trials will not be used for human food or animal feed.

o Plant material remaining after harvest will be ploughed into the soil.

o The site will be monitored for one year after the release. During this year, commercial maize will not be grown on the trial site. Any volunteer maize appearing in the field will be eliminated before flowering.


Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:
The trials have not been designed to gain data related to the technical inspection of the maize hybrids destined to the Commercial Registry of the Varieties

Final report


European Commission administrative information

Consent given by the Member State Competent Authority:
Yes
16/05/2005 00:00:00
Remarks: