General informationNotification NumberB/ES/05/09Member State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority11/02/2005Title of the ProjectTesting of maize varieties tolerant to glyphosate herbicide and resistant to certain Lepidopteran insects.Proposed period of release:01/04/2005 to 31/12/2008Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)PIONEER HI-BRED SPAIN S.L., Avenida Reino Unido s/n, Edificio ADYTEC-Euroficinas 2nda planta, ES-41012 Sevilla;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:The genetically modified NK603xMON810 maize varieties that will be tested in these field trials can tolerate the use of glyphosate herbicide for the weeding of maize field and are resistant to certain Lepidopteran insect pests such as the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis). This maize was derived through traditional breeding methods between progeny of the genetically modified NK603 maize (from Monsanto), which is tolerant to glyphosate herbicide, and MON810 maize (from Monsanto), which is resistant to certain lepidopteran insects.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:NK603xMON810 maize contains the following genetic elements :
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
|maize||poaceae||zea||zea mays||mays||experimental varieties|
-the cp4epsps genes from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4 that confer tolerance to glyphosate herbicide.
- the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki that confers resistance to certain Lepidopteran insects, such as Ostrinia nubilalis.
These genes have been introduced with only their regulatory components necessary for expression.6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:No genetic modification was applied to obtain the NK603xMON810 maize varieties directly: they were derived through traditional breeding methods between progeny of the genetically modified NK603 maize and MON810 maize.
NK603 maize and MON810 were genetically modified by Monsanto using the particle acceleration method.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The purpose of the release is to collect data on the agronomic value and insect resistance of NK603xMON810 maize varieties.2. Geographical location of the site:The release is planned at the following locations in Spain in 2005:
- Aragón: Pastriz (Zaragoza), Gurrea de Gállego (Huesca).
- Cataluña: Alpicat (Lérida), Alguaire (Lérida).
- Madrid: Estremera (Madrid).
- Navarra : Fustiñana (Navarra)
- Castilla-La Mancha : Membrilla (Ciudad Real)
- Castilla-León: Calvarrasa de Abajo (Salamanca)3. Size of the site (m2):In 2005, each site could have up to 1000m² sown with the genetically modified maize subject of this notification (NK603xMON810 maize), the total trial surface (all varieties and borders included) being larger.
In the following years, there could have up to 5000 m² of the genetically modified maize subject of this notification sown per site, the total trial surface at each site (all varieties and borders included) being larger.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:Many field trials have already been conducted at several locations and no environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants behaved as conventional maize. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants except for showing tolerance to glyphosate herbicide and resistance to certain Lepidopteran insects such as the European Corn Borer, traits due to the genetic modifications.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:No risks to human and animal health or the environment from the deliberate release of genetically modified maize tolerant to glyphosate herbicide and resistant to certain Lepidopteran insects are expected, as per information contained in the Summary Notification Information Format of notification C/ES/04/01.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:In order to limit any pollen flow from the genetically modified plants, a 200m-isolation distance will be maintained to any non-experimental maize crop. In addition, the trial site will be surrounded by four border rows of conventional maize of a similar relative maturity that will be also destroyed at the end of the release.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. When seeds need to be collected for analysis; this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by application of a non-selective herbicide other than glyphosate or by mechanical destruction, and incorporation into the soil.
At the end of the release all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil.
Volunteer maize will be monitored during the following year. An herbicide treatment (other than glyphosate) will be used in order to ensure destruction if needed.
No commercial maize will be cultivated in the trial site the following year.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable to this release.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes03/05/2005 00:00:00Remarks:There are several Autonomous Communities as competent authorities for give the consent of these field trials:
- Navarra: 03/05/2005.
- Aragón: 12/05/2005.
- Cataluña: 13/05/2005.
- Madrid: 24/05/2005
- Castilla y León: 12/08/2005.
- Castilla-La Mancha: Denied.