General informationNotification NumberB/ES/04/02-CONMember State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority08/01/2004Title of the ProjectTesting of maize hybrids resistant to certain Lepidopteran and Coleopteran insects and herbicide tolerant.Proposed period of release:15/04/2004 to 15/12/2004Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)PIONEER HI-BRED SPAIN S.L., Avenida Reino Unido s/n, Edificio ADYTEC-Euroficinas 2nda planta, ES-41012 Sevilla;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:The tested maize hybrids have been obtained by crossing two genetically modified inbred lines: one inbred line has received an insert providing resistance to certain Lepidopteran insects and tolerance to glufosinate ammonium herbicide and the other inbred line has received an insert providing resistance to certain Coleopteran insects and tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium herbicide.Genetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:The list of the genetic elements inserted in the parental lines are provided in Annex (this is Confidential Business Information).6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:Genetic modification has been applied to the parental lines nut the hybrid tested has been made by traditional crossing.7. If the recipient or parental plant is a forest tree species, describe ways and extent of dissemination and specific factors affecting dissemination:Not applicable.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The goal of this release is to collect data on the composition of the different parts of the modified plants as well as their non-modified counterparts and on the expression of the produced proteins.2. Geographical location of the site:The release is planned at several locations in Spain in 2004:
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
|maize||poaceae||zea||zea mays||mays||Experimental hybrids.|
- Andalucía: Los Palacios (Sevilla), Los Molares (Sevilla), Los Rosales (Sevilla).
- Aragón: Montañana (Zaragoza) (2 locations), San Juan de Mozarrifar (Zaragoza), Pastriz (Zaragoza), Barbastro (Huesca), Gurrea de Gállego (Huesca), Graus (Huesca).
- Castilla-La Mancha: Almoguera (Guadalajara)
- Castilla-León: Colinas de Trasmontes (Zamora), El Burgo Ranero (León) (2 locations)
- Cataluña: Vimbodí (Tarragona), Tremp (Lérida), Alguaire (Lérida).
- Madrid: Fuentidueña de Tajo (Madrid), Villamarique de Tajo (Madrid), Estremeda (Madrid).
- Navarra: Cortes (3 locations)3. Size of the site (m2):The trial at each site in 2004 will cover about 1000m² (all varieties and borders included) of which 110m² will be planted with the transgenic plants concerned by this application.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:Field trials have already been conducted in several locations with the individual events and no environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants resulting from the traditional cross behaved as conventional hybrids. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified maize plants except for showing resistance to Lepidopteran insects such as European corn borer and to Coleopteran insects such as Western corn rootworm and showing tolerance when glufosinate herbicide has been applied.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:No risks to human and animal health or the environment from the deliberate release of genetically modified maize resistant to Lepidopteran and Coleopteran insects and tolerant to glufosinate have been reported. This is based on the environmental risk assessment included in the notification.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:The shedding of pollen from the genetically modified plants will be controlled by removing the tassels or by bagging them before any pollen shed can occur. Moreover, a 200m-isolation distance will be maintained to any other commercial corn crop.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. For this trial, a few seeds will need to be collected for analysis; this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by application of a non-selective herbicide other than glufosinate or by mechanical destruction and incorporation into the soil.
At the end of the release all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil.
Volunteer maize will be monitored during the following year. An herbicide treatment (other than glufosinate) will be used in order to ensure destruction if needed.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable to this release.Final reportEuropean Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes10/03/2004 00:00:00Remarks:There are several Autonomous Communities as competent authorities for give the consent of these field trials:
- Aragón: 10/03/2004.
- Castilla-La Mancha: 10/03/2004.
- Navarra: 24/03/2004.
- Madrid: 24/03/2004.
- Cataluña: 30/03/2004.
- Castilla y León: 03/04/2004.