General informationNotification NumberB/ES/03/11-CONMember State to which the notification was sentSpainDate of acknowledgement from the Member State Competent Authority11/02/2003Title of the ProjectTesting of maize hybrids resistant to certain Lepidopteran insects as well as herbicide tolerant.Proposed period of release:15/04/2001 to 15/12/2004Name of the Institute(s) or Company(ies)PIONEER HI-BRED SPAIN S.L., Avenida Reino Unido s/n, Edificio ADYTEC-Euroficinas 2nda planta, ES-41012 Sevilla;
3. Is the same GMPt release planned elsewhere in the Community?NoHas the same GMPt been notified elsewhere by the same notifier?NoGenetically modified plantComplete name of the recipient or parental plant(s)
2. Description of the traits and characteristics which have been introduced or modified, including marker genes and previous modifications:CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATIONGenetic modification3. Type of genetic modification:Insertion; In case of insertion of genetic material, give the source and intended function of each constituent fragment of the region to be inserted:CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION (Annex 1)6. Brief description of the method used for the genetic modification:The genetic modification has been done by the particle acceleration method using a "gene gun" to introduce, into maize cells, a linear DNA fragment containing the two genes along with their regulatory components necessary for expression.Experimental Release1. Purpose of the release:The goal of the release is on the one hand, the testing of hybrids in view of registration on the National Catalogue, on the other hand to collect data on agronomic and insect resistance performances of genetically modified hybrids in comparison with the non-genetically modified hybrids.2. Geographical location of the site:3 locations will be used in Spain in 2003:
|Common Name||Family Name||Genus||Species||Subspecies||Cultivar/breeding line|
- Cogullada (Zaragoza)
- Montañana (Zaragoza)
- Pastriz (Zaragoza)3. Size of the site (m2):The trial at each site in 2003 will cover about 2000m² (all varieties and borders included) of which 200m² will be planted with the transgenic plants concerned by this application.4. Relevant data regarding previous releases carried out with the same GM-plant, if any, specifically related to the potential environmental and human health impacts from the release:Pioneer began testing in the fields the genetically modified 1507 maize in late 1996. Since that time, it has been in continuous nurseries (3 plantings per year) in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Several field trials were conducted throughout the maize growing region of the United States since 1997 and in Europe since 1998.
No environmental problems were reported for these trials. The transgenic plants have appeared normal in all respects. They were indistinguishable from the non-genetically modified corn plants except for being insect resistant and herbicide tolerant.Environmental Impact and Risk ManagementSummary of the potential environmental impact from the release of the GMPts:The e.r.a. has not identified any risks to human and animal health or the environment from the deliberate release of the genetically modified (GM) maize containing resistance to certain Lepidopteran insects and tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium. This is based on the information contained in the notification and the following concluding remarks:
- There is negligible likelihood for GM maize to become environmentally persistent or invasive giving rise to any weediness;
- Expression of the insecticidal crystal protein and the herbicide tolerance protein does not confer any selective advantage outside the agricultural environment;
- There are no wild relatives of maize in the EU and the genetic modification in maize does not introduce any selective advantages to maize plants outside the heavily managed agricultural environments;
- The deliberate release of GM maize will result in negligible immediate and/or delayed environmental impact resulting from direct and indirect interactions of GM maize with non-target organisms;
- The genetic modification in maize does not introduce any new compounds known to cause, or expected to cause, any potential immediate and/or delayed effects on human health;
- The genetic modification in maize does not introduce any new compounds known to cause, or expected to cause, any possible immediate and/or delayed effects on animal health. Moreover, the GM maize obtained from these field releases will not enter the feed/food chain.
- The genetic modification will not cause any possible immediate and/or delayed effects on biogeochemical processes.
- The specific cultivation, management and harvesting techniques used for the GM maize are identical to those used for other non-GM maize.
- The potential reduction of the control of certain lepidopteran insect pests if the target insect pests develop resistance to the protein as expressed in GM maize has been identified as the only potential risk resulting from the interaction of GM maize with target organisms. Given the size of this deliberate release, the probability of occurrence of such a phenomenon is negligible. However, an insect resistance management (IRM) strategy will be developed in the context of product stewardship when this GM maize is placed on the European market, in the future.Brief description of any measures taken for the management of risks:The shedding of pollen from the GM plants will be controlled by maintaining a 200-meter isolation distance with any other commercial corn crop.
Seed dispersal of individual kernels does not generally occur. They are fixed on a cob and enclosed in many husks that protect the seeds from outside contact. For this trial, a few seeds will need to be collected for analysis; this will be done by sampling the whole ear and unused seeds will be destroyed.
In case of any emergency, the trial could be stopped by application of a non-selective herbicide other than glufosinate or by mechanical destruction and incorporation into the soil.
At the end of the release all remaining plant matter that has not been harvested for analyses will be destroyed by chopping and incorporating into the soil.
Volunteer maize will be monitored during the following year. An herbicide treatment (other than glufosinate) will be used in order to ensure destruction if needed.Summary of foreseen field trial studies focused to gain new data on environmental and human health impact from the release:Not applicable to this release.Final report-European Commission administrative informationConsent given by the Member State Competent Authority:Yes27/03/2003 00:00:00Remarks:The competent authority is Aragón.